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Account of Spiritual Masters

Hazrat Shamsuddin Habibullah "Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janan"

(1700 A.D./1111 H – 1781 A.D./1195 H)

He was a famous & well respected Islamic Scholar and an outstanding spiritual master of his time. He gained spiritual benefits from Hazrat Syed Noor Mohammad Badauni (1135 H), Hafiz Shah S'adullah (~1152 H) and Sheikh Mohammad 'Aabid Sunnaami (1158 H). Divine revelations of Mirza Mazhar were very strong and authenticated by his spiritual masters. He had keen interest in Persian & Urdu poetry and was one of the pioneer poets in Urdu. His poetic titular name was "Mazhar".

(Ref. Maqamaat-e-Mazhari by Shah Ghulam Ali & M'amulaat-e-Mazhariya by Shah Na'eemullah Bahraichi)

Hazrat Shah Ghulam Ali "Abdullah Dehlavi":

(1743 A.D./1156 H – 1824 A.D./1240 H)

He was one of the renowned caliphs of Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janan and a well respected Islamic scholar too. He paid services and remained with his sheikh for last 17 years. Shah Ghulam Ali bought some more portions so as to enlarge this Khanqah. He constructed a mosque on the north-western side of the premise, which was known as "Masjid Hzt Shah Ghulam Ali". He stayed here for the next 45 years, until his death and was laid to rest beside his spiritual master Mirza Mazhar Jan-e-Janan. During this period, large number of devotees from all over the world thronged the khanqah to receive blessings and spiritual enlightenment from him. Consequently, this place gained popularity as "Khanqah Shah Ghulam Ali".

[Ref. Dhamimah Maqamaat-e-Mazhari (Persian print-1269 H) by Shah Abdul Ghani Muhaddis Madani, Aasaarus Sanaadid p11-15 by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan (Print. 1900)]

Hazrat Zaki-ul-Qadr Shah Abu Sa'eed Farooqi Mujaddedi:

(1782 A.D./1196 H – 1835 A.D./1250 H)

Shah Ghulam Ali handed over the possession of the khanqah to his beloved caliph and successor Shah Abu Sa'eed before his demise. He (Abu Sa'eed) was also a renowned Islamic scholar. He remained here and served the Naqshbandi Mujaddedi order for around ten years. Shah Abu Sa'eed handed over the charge of the khanqah to his son and successor, Shah Ahmed Sa'eed, before going to Haj pilgrimage. While returning from Haj, he passed away on 1st Shawwal 1250 H., in Tonk (Rajasthan). He was laid to rest nearby his spiritual master Shah Ghulam Ali.

[Ref. Dhamimah Maqamaat-e-Mazhari (Persian print-1269 H) by Shah Abdul Ghani Muhaddis Madani, Aasaarus Sanaadeed p15-16 by Sir Sayed Ahmed Khan (Print. 1900) and Maqamaat-e-Khair p 75-86 by Shah Abul Hasan Zaid Farooqi]

Hazrat Shah Ahmed Sa'eed Farooqi Mujaddedi:

(1802 A.D./1217 H – 1860 A.D./1277 H)

He was the caliph and adopted son of Shah Ghulam Ali along with having caliphate from his father too. He continued the momentum and served the khanqah for another 24 years. He stayed in the khanqah with his family and two brothers, Hazrat Shah Abdul Ghani Muhaddis Mujaddedi & Shah Abdul Mughni Mujaddedi.

During the revolution of 1857 A.D. Shah Ahmed Sa'eed and his family along with his brothers was forced to leave India, hence they migrated to al-Madinat-ul-Munawwarah. At that time, he handed over the khanqah to his famous caliph Haji Dost Mohammad Qandhaari (living at Musa Zai, now in Pakistan), who in turn appointed his caliph Maulvi Raheem Bakhsh to look after the khanqah.

[Ref. Dhamimah Maqamaat-e-Mazhari (Persian print 1269 H) p 167 by Shah Abd al-Ghani Muhaddis Mujaddedi, Manaqib-e-Ahmadiya by Shah Md. Mazhar Mujaddedi, Zikr al-Sa‘eedain p2-23 by Shah Md. M‘asum Rampuri, Aasaarus Sanaadid p16-17 by Sir Sayed Ahmed Khan (Print. 1900) & Maqamaat-e-Khair p 88-113 by Shah Abul Hasan Zaid Farooqi]

Maulvi Raheem Bakhsh:

He looked after the khanqah from 1274 H/1857 A.D. until his demise in 1283 H/1866 A.D. He was laid to rest near the shrine of spiritual masters in the same khanqah. After him, Sheikh Wali-un-Nabi Mujaddedi Rampuri, one of the caliphs of Hazrat Shah Ahmed Sa'eed, used to look after this khanqah, while his main stay remained in Rampur.

[Ref. Maqamaat-e-Khair p 93-94 by Shah Abul Hasan Zaid Farooqi]

Hazrat Abdullah Shah Abul Khair Farooqi Mujaddedi:

(1856 A.D./1272 H – 1923 A.D./1341 H)

He was the son and caliph of Hazrat Shah Muhammad Umar Mujaddedi Rampuri (1880 AD/1298 H). Thirty one years after the revolution turmoil, Shah Abul Khair, the grandson of Shah Ahmed Sa'eed, was ordained to go to Delhi in order to serve the khanqah. When he came here from Madina in 1888 A.D./1306 H, the khanqah was in dilapidated and ruined condition, with half of the mosque roof fallen; whereas some portion of the khanqah was possessed illegally.

He got the illegal possessions evacuated; slowly and steadily, he started the construction of the present mosque after demolishing the old one and got it rebuilt in 1893 A.D./1310 H. He filled up the pond in the courtyard of the mosque in order to expand the mosque and raised boundary walls of the whole premises up to 15 feet high. In 1912 A.D./1330 H, he renovated the shrines of the previous spiritual masters in the present from. The portion of the khanqah used by Hazrat Shah Ghulam Ali, known as Tasbeeh Khana, was rebuilt by Shah Abul Khair in 1913 A.D./1331 H. Other necessary repairs were also made in his time, thus he maintained the khanqah magnificently.

His holy personality and spiritual inspiration impressed people so much that they started thronging again in the large numbers even from far off places to the khanqah so as to seek solace and blessings from him. Thus the reputation, which suffered during the last three decades, was restored.

Hazrat Shah Abul Khair served the holy order and khanqah's responsibilities for 35 years until his demise and passed away on 29 Jumad as-Saani 1341 H/16th Feb 1923 A.D. He was laid to rest next to Hazrat Shah Abu Sa'eed Mujaddedi.

As mentioned above, this khanqah was famous as "Khanqah Shah Ghulam Ali" and after demise of Shah Abul Khair; this place gained the name "Dargah Shah Abul Khair"

Hence, this khanqah got enlisted in government record as "Khanqah Shah Ghulam Ali" - "Dargah Shah Abul Khair". Delhi Gazette, July 1964 p 414.

(The word 'Dargah' implies on the burial place i.e. the shrine of spiritual master)
[Ref. Maqamat-e-Khair p151-569 (Print 1989 AD) by Shah Abul Hasan Zaid Farooqi]

Shah Abul Khair was succeeded by his three sons as listed below:
  • Shah Abul Faiz Bilal Farooqi Mujaddedi (1318 H/1900 A.D. – 1398 H/1978 A.D.)
  • Shah Abul Hasan Zaid Farooqi Mujaddedi (1324 H/1906 A.D. – 1414 H/1993 A.D.)
  • Shah Abu S'ad Saalim Farooqi Mujaddedi (1326 H/1908 A.D. – 1408 H/1988 A.D.)

Hazrat Shah Abul Faiz Bilal:

He took the charge of khanqah after his father and served this holy place & order in a well mannered way till 1947A.D. At the time of Indo-Pak partition, he along with his youngest brother Shah Abu S'ad Saalim, moved to Quetta, Pakistan. Thus, he served the khanqah for around 24 years.

[Ref. Sawaneh Sayed-e-'Aarifeen Shah Bilal by Shah Abul Hasan Zaid Farooqi, and Maqamat-e-Khair p679-691 Print 1989 AD by Shah Abul Hasan Zaid Farooqi]

Hazrat Shah Abul Hasan Zaid Farooqi:

After going through Islamic studies in Delhi, he and his younger brother, Shah Abu S'ad Saalim, graduated from Al- Azhar University, Egypt in 1935 A.D. During 1947, he remained in Delhi and served this khanqah till his passing away in Dec 1993; he was buried near by the shrine in the same dargah. He served this khanqah for 46 years, during this time period necessary renovation along with some major construction works were done,

few of them are mentioned below:
  • In 1980 A.D. a beautiful canopy (dome) was built on the shrine of ex-spiritual masters by him.
  • In 1981 A.D. the floor of the mosque and dargah courtyard was renovated with marble mosaic
  • In 1982 A.D an imposing single storey library was constructed opposite to the mosque.
  • In 1985 A.D. the residential portion was rebuilt.

He had an excellent academic record and got keen interest in writing books. He reached the culmination of literary research work and his large portfolio of books got warmly accepted among Islamic scholars around the world.

His few of the famous books are listed below:
  • Allama Ibn-e-Taymiyya aur Unke Ham'asr Ulama (Urdu)
  • Hazrat Mujaddid aur Unke Naqedin (Urdu)
  • Maqamaat-e-Khair (Urdu)
  • Maqamaat-e-Akhyaar (Persian)
  • Savaneh Imam-e-A'azam Abu Hanifah (Urdu)
  • Mawlana Isma'eel aur Taqwiyatul Iman (Urdu)
[Ref. Maqamat-e-Khair p697-800 (Print 1989 AD) by Shah Abul Hasan Zaid Farooqi]

Before his demise (1993 A.D.) he appointed his only grandson, Abun Nasar Anas Farooqi s/o Dr. Mohammed Abul Fazal Farooqi (1984 A.D./1404 H), as his successor and Sajjadah Nashin & Mutawalli for this khanqah.